American Government Due 1/28

American Government

Basic American Government

pgs. 347-364

Bible Reading

Ecclesiastes 12:13-14

The Complete Idiots Guide

Ch. 17

Current Event

 

Basic American Government

Pgs. 347-355

  1. What does Leviathan Mean?

 

  1. What is the philosophical ground for the expansion of government functions in the last 100 years?

 

  1. What is the “animating idea” behind socialism?

 

 

  1. What does the old understanding (popular at the time when the Constitution was ratified) and what is the new understanding of why governments exist?

 

  1. What does the word Totalitarian mean?

 

Pgs. 347-364

Natural Law:  A body of unchanging moral principles regarded as a basis for all human conduct. (An example of natural law, it is universally accepted that to kill someone is wrong and that to punish someone for killing that person is right, and even necessary.)

Utilitarian:  The doctrine that actions are right if they are useful or for the benefit of a majority insofar as it promotes happiness, and that the greatest happiness of the greatest number should be the guiding principle of conduct. (An example is saving the 5 people on the boat, or the 1 person on the raft.  Save the 5 because 5 lives are more important than 1)

  1. According to Carson, what was the position of the Constitution with reference to a large and powerful government (the Leviathan)?

 

  1. What was the only way that a large and powerful government could emerge in the United States?

 

  1. Carson observes that the Founding Fathers drew upon a “substrata” of religious belief to lay the foundations of American constitutionalism. What were those substrata?

 

  1. What do the words of Western philosophers “Physical, Metaphysical, and spiritual’ mean and what does Carson say about their durability? How can we gain knowledge in each of their realms?  (pg. 358)

 

  1. What does Carson mean by the statement, “The Founders of the United States…used history didactically”?

 

  1. According to Carson, what major political consequence came from this shift in belief about history?

 

  1. According to Carson, what was one motive of those who worked to undermine constitutionalism?

 

 

The Complete Idiot’s Guide 

  1. What are civil rights?

 

  1. What did the Civil Rights Act of 1866 do?

 

  1. How effective were the Civil Rights Laws?

 

  1. What is “Affirmative Action”?

 

  1. Why are Hispanics underrepresented in the United State?

 

  1. Do you feel the United States does a good job of equal rights for all no matter race, color, education, religion, or sexual orientation? Explain your answer.

American Government Week 15

American Government Week 15 (Due 1/21)

Basic American Government

Pp. 319-353

Amendments 13-15 (pp. 547-549)

“I Have a Dream” speech by Martin Luther King  (Attached below)(Or listen to it on YouTube)

After you have read the speech, select your favorite phrase or line as your title…THEN illustrate it!  (Or “art” it)

Use color, creativity, design…try to express what that phrase means or why it is so powerful or important.  (Drawing, painting, diorama, poster, collage…..)  Get creative.  Almost anything goes.  Be sure to bring it to class next week to share!!!  (Now’s your chance to let your creative juices flow!)

Current Event

 

Study Questions

Basic American Government

319-324

  1. According to Carson, what were some of the possible causes of the American Civil War?

 

  1. What does Carson mean by his designation of the Republican Party as “a regional party?”

 

325-336

  1. Carson quotes a historian who says, “The internal revenue law of July 1, 1862, has been broadly described as an attempt to tax everything.”  What evidence does e give to support that statement?

 

  1. According to Carson, what does the Constitution authorize with reference to war?

 

 

  1. How does the 13th Amendment prohibit the conscription of men into the army? (Conscription: When a military needs people to fight in a war, but there aren’t enough volunteers, sometimes they’ll begin conscription, which is a law that says if you are able to fight, you have to fight)

 

  1. What philosophical conflict did Lincoln face in his position concerning the Civil War?

 

 

  1. How did the separation of West Virginia from Virginia violate the Constitution? The

 

337-343

  1. How did Congress overrule Presidential Reconstruction?

 

 

  1. On what basis does Carson say the reconstruction was unconstitutional?

 

 

  1. Which part of the 14th Amendment swept away much of the wealth of the South?

 

547-549

  1. What, in general, does Amendment 13 do?

 

  1. What, in general, does Amendment 14 say? (There are 4 sections

 

  1. What, in general, does the 15th Amendment say?

 

 

I Have a Dream

Martin Luther King Jr.

I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation. [applause]

Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves [Audience:] (Yeah) who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity. (Hmm)

But one hundred years later (All right), the Negro still is not free. (My Lord, Yeah) One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. (Hmm) One hundred years later (All right), the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later (My Lord) [applause], the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself in exile in his own land. (Yes, yes) And so we’ve come here today to dramatize a shameful condition.

In a sense we’ve come to our nation’s capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence (Yeah), they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men (My Lord), would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. (My Lord) Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked insufficient funds. [enthusiastic applause] (My Lord, Lead on, Speech, speech)

But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. (My Lord) [laughter] (No, no) We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. (Sure enough) And so we’ve come to cash this check (Yes), a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom (Yes) and the security of justice. (Yes Lord) [enthusiastic applause]

We have also come to this hallowed spot (My Lord) to remind America of the fierce urgency of now. (Mhm) This is no time (My Lord) to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. [applause] (Yes, Speak on it!) Now is the time (Yes it is) to make real the promises of democracy. (My Lord) Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time [applause] to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time (Yes) [applause] (Now) to make justice a reality for all of God’s children.

It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. This sweltering summer of the Negro’s legitimate discontent (Yes) will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. (My Lord) 1963 is not an end, but a beginning. (Yes) And those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. [enthusiastic applause] There will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.

But there is something that I must say to my people, who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice: in the process of gaining our rightful place, we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. (My Lord, No, no, no, no) [applause] We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. (My Lord) Again and again (No, no), we must rise to the majestic heights (Yes) of meeting physical force with soul force. (My Lord) The marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to a distrust of all white people (Hmm), for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny [sustained applause], and they have come to realize that their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom. We cannot walk alone.

And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead. We cannot turn back. There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, “When will you be satisfied?” (Never) We can never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality. (Yes) We can never be satisfied [applause] as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. [applause] We cannot be satisfied as long as the Negro’s basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. (Yes) We can never be satisfied as long as our children are stripped of their selfhood and robbed of their dignity by signs stating for whites only. [applause] (Yes, Hallelujah) We cannot be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. (Yeah, That’s right, Let’s go) [applause] No, no, we are not satisfied and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters (Yes) and righteousness like a mighty stream. [applause] (Let’s go, Tell it)

I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and tribulations. (My Lord) Some of you have come fresh from narrow jail cells. (My Lord, That’s right) Some of you have come from areas where your quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution (Yeah, Yes) and staggered by the winds of police brutality. You have been the veterans of creative suffering. Continue to work with the faith (Hmm) that unearned suffering is redemptive. Go back to Mississippi (Yeah), go back to Alabama, go back to South Carolina, go back to Georgia, go back to Louisiana, go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities (Yes), knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed. (Yes) Let us not wallow in the valley of despair. (My Lord)

I say to you today, my friends [applause], so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow (Uh-huh), I still have a dream. (Yes) It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream. (Yes)

I have a dream (Mhm) that one day (Yes) this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed (Hah): “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.” (Yeah, Uh-huh, Hear hear) [applause]

I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia (Yes, Talk), the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.

I have a dream (Yes) [applause] that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice (Yeah), sweltering with the heat of oppression (Mhm), will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.

I have a dream (Yeah) [applause] that my four little children (Well) will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. (My Lord) I have a dream today. [enthusiastic applause]

I have a dream that one day down in Alabama, with its vicious racists (Yes, Yeah), with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of “interposition” and “nullification” (Yes), one day right there in Alabama little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers. I have a dream today. [applause] (God help him, Preach)

I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted (Yes), every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain (Yes), and the crooked places will be made straight (Yes), and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed [cheering], and all flesh shall see it together. (Yes Lord)

This is our hope. (Yes, Yes) This is the faith that I go back to the South with. (Yes) With this faith (My Lord) we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. (Yes, All right) With this faith (Yes) we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation (Yes) into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. (Talk about it) With this faith (Yes, My Lord) we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together (Yes), to stand up for freedom together (Yeah), knowing that we will be free one day. [sustained applause]

This will be the day, this will be the day when all of God’s children (Yes, Yeah) will be able to sing with new meaning: “My country, ‘tis of thee (Yeah, Yes), sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. (Oh yes) Land where my fathers died, land of the pilgrim’s pride (Yeah), from every mountainside, let freedom ring!” (Yeah)

And if America is to be a great nation (Yes), this must become true. So let freedom ring (Yes, Amen) from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. (Uh-huh) Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York. Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania. (Yes, all right) Let freedom ring (Yes) from the snow-capped Rockies of Colorado. (Well) Let freedom ring from the curvaceous slopes of California. (Yes) But not only that: (No) Let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia. [cheering] (Yeah, Oh yes, Lord) Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee. (Yes) Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi. (Yes) From every mountainside (Yeah) [sustained applause], let freedom ring.

And when this happens [applause] (Let it ring, Let it ring), and when we allow freedom ring (Let it ring), when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city (Yes Lord), we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children (Yeah), black men (Yeah) and white men (Yeah), Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics (Yes), will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual: “Free at last! (Yes) Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!” [enthusiastic applause]

 

 

 

 

Government Week 16 Due 1/14

American Government Week 16

US Supreme Court

Ch. 6-8

Black Like Me

Read this book over break

Emancipation Proclamation

Attached below

Revelation 1:5b-6

Current Event

 

 Study Question

U.S Supreme Court

  1. What are the three categories in which the President may act? (Ch. 6)

 

  1. How would you briefly summarize the Court’s reasoning in the 1992 abortion decision? (Ch. 7 )

 

 

  1. Do you think the Court should allow foreign laws or legal tribunals to influence its decisions? (Ch. 8)

 

 

Black Like Me

  1. Why did Griffin experiment as he did?

 

  1. Describe life in a slum.

 

Pg. 38-44

3. .  Why is Griffin not able to find work?

 

Pg. 45-200

5.  What does Griffin find discouraging about being black?

 

6. What new thought about the relationship between races did you gain from this book?

 

 

 

 

Emancipation Proclamation

  1. In this document, what ultimatum was given to the states that had seceded from the Union?

 

  1. What position, other than President, does Lincoln claim that gives him the power to issue the Emancipation Proclamation?

 

 

 

  1. What does Lincoln tell the people who are to be freed to abstain or stay away from?

 

 

Emancipation Proclamation

 

The Emancipation Proclamation January 1, 1863

 

By the President of the United States of America:

A Proclamation.

 

Whereas, on the twenty-second day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, a proclamation was issued by the President of the United States, containing, among other things, the following, to wit:

 

“That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free; and the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom.

 

“That the Executive will, on the first day of January aforesaid, by proclamation, designate the States and parts of States, if any, in which the people thereof, respectively, shall then be in rebellion against the United States; and the fact that any State, or the people thereof, shall on that day be, in good faith, represented in the Congress of the United States by members chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such State shall have participated, shall, in the absence of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence that such State, and the people thereof, are not then in rebellion against the United States.”

 

Now, therefore I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, by virtue of the power in me vested as Commander-in-Chief, of the Army and Navy of the United States in time of actual armed rebellion against the authority and government of the United States, and as a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion, do, on this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and in accordance with my purpose so to do publicly proclaimed for the full period of one hundred days, from the day first above mentioned, order and designate as the States and parts of States wherein the people thereof respectively, are this day in rebellion against the United States, the following, to wit:

 

Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, (except the Parishes of St. Bernard, Plaquemines, Jefferson, St. John, St. Charles, St. James Ascension, Assumption, Terrebonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans, including the City of New Orleans) Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia, (except the forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkley, Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess Ann, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth[)], and which excepted parts, are for the present, left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued.

 

And by virtue of the power, and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States, and parts of States, are, and henceforward shall be free; and that the Executive government of the United States, including the military and naval authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons.

 

And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free to abstain from all violence, unless in necessary self-defence; and I recommend to them that, in all cases when allowed, they labor faithfully for reasonable wages.

 

And I further declare and make known, that such persons of suitable condition, will be received into the armed service of the United States to garrison forts, positions, stations, and other places, and to man vessels of all sorts in said service.

 

And upon this act, sincerely believed to be an act of justice, warranted by the Constitution, upon military necessity, I invoke the considerate judgment of mankind and the gracious favor of Almighty God.

 

In witness whereof, I have hereunto, set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

 

Done at the City of Washington, this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty- three, and of the Independence of the United States of America the eighty-seventh.

 

By the President: ABRAHAM LINCOLN

WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.

American Government Due 12/17

American Government Week 15 

Basic American Government

No reading this week (can I get an “Amen”?)

The U.S. Supreme Court

Chapters 1-5

Answer Study Questions

Read Revelation 1:4b-5a

Current Event

 

U.S. Supreme Court

Chapter 1

  1. What is “Judicial Review”?

 

  1. What is the difference between “original” and “appellate” jurisdiction

 

 

 

  1. What is an advisory opinion, and how does the Supreme Court handle them

 

 

 

  1. What did Marshall mean when he said, “It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is”?

 

Chapter 2

 

  1. What are some of the obstacles to arguing a case before the Supreme Court?

 

 

  1. What are some reasons the constitutional cases aren’t decided unanimously?

 

 

  1. What were the different approaches of Justice Scalia and Justice Breyer?

 

 

  1. In order to meet the case and controversy requirement, for the plaintiff to have standing, what 3 elements are needed?

 

 

  1. How much does a justice’s personal view matter?

 

 

Chapter 3

  1. What are the requirements to become a Supreme Court Justice?

 

  1. Have there always been nine justices?

 

 

  1. Briefly explain the story of Robert Bork?

 

 

  1. Besides professional qualifications what other ways does the Senate determine whether a nominee is confirmed or not?

 

  1. Why do presidents nominate younger judges?

 

Chapter 4

  1. Name at least 4 of the functions of the chief justice?

 

 

 

  1. Since the chief justice operates in many ways like a CEO, what does he manage?

 

 

  1. What is the Judges Bill?

 

  1. Why did Taft argue for the Judges Bill?

 

 

Chapter 5

  1. Where did the justices work before they had the Supreme Court Building?

 

  1. Of the nine months of the year that the Court is in session (October – June), how many days do they hear oral arguments?

 

 

  1. Who is the Office of the Solicitor General

 

  1. What is a “defensive denial

 

 

  1. What is the “cert pool?

American Government Week 12

Basic American Government

Read pages 230-240

Answer Study questions

The Complete Idiot’s Guide

Read Chapters 5-6

Answer Study questions

Bible

Read 1 Peter 2:13-14

Current Event!!

Study Questions

Basic American Government

Pgs. 230-236

  1.  What caused the first international relations problems for the United States?

2. How did President Washington handle the situation?

3. Even though the Treaty o Ghent “merely” restored the boundaries of the United States to what they had been before the War of 1812 began, why was that war so important for the United States? (pg. 235)

4. What did the Convention of 1818 do? 

5. What were the primary features of the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819? 

Pgs. 236-240

6.  According to Carson, what are the two primary “sources of disorder” to which Washington alludes?

7. Why is a balanced government so important, according to Washington? 

8. What does Washington mean by “balance in government”? 

9. What was Washington’s ideas concerning debt? (pg. 239)

The Complete Idiot’s Guide

10. What is the definition of political socialization? 

11. Where do one’s political views come from? 

12. What is the gender gap? 

13. What differences does education make on voting habits? 

14. What differences does education make on voting habits? 

15. What are the different divisions in society that influence one’s political views? 

16. What does Liberalism mean today? 

17. What does Conservatism mean today? 

18. What are the political ideologies of the following groups:

  Pure Liberals:

Pure Conservatives:

Libertarians:

Populists:

Socialists:

Green Party :

19. How do the separate parties help our governmental system?

20. What 2 roles do the minor parties serve? 

21. How did the Federalists and Anti-Federalists differ in their beliefs? 

22. What gave birth to the Republican Party we know today

23. What are the 2 conflicting forces the parties face during the presidential nomination? 

24. Why are delegates probably not representative of the larger population of Democrats and Republicans?

American Government Week 11

Basic American Government

Read pages 215-230, 312-318, & 546 (Amendment 11

Answer Study Questions

The Complete Idiot’s Guide

Read Chapter 3 

Answer study questions

Read 1 Timothy 2:5-6

Current Event (Make sure to do this, it will give you a few extra points on your homework grade!)

Study Questions Basic American Government

Pgs. 215-223

  1.  According to Carson, what are the historical roots of the American government?
  2. What informal precedent did Washington set that all presidents followed for 140 years?
  3. What is the constitutional role of the Vice President?

Pgs. 223- 230

4. What was the first legislative act of Congress?

5. From what did the general government of the United States receive most of its revenue during much of the 19th century?

6. What were the first three departments of government?

7. What is the cabinet?

8. What were the first two general offices (general officers) created by Congress?

9. How was the federal court system set up by Congress in September 1789?

10. For what policies is Hamilton best remembered?  (pg. 227-230) (there are 4)

11. Why was the payment of old debt such an important point, in his mind?

Pgs. 303-312

12. Are federal courts more important than state courts?

13. What kinds of cases come before the state courts

14. What cases come before the federal courts?

15. What other forms of civil governments are below state governments?

Pgs. 312-318

16. What is a county (parish in Louisiana)?

17. What or who usually runs a county?

18. What other officers do most counties have besides board members?

19. List the functions of the following positions (what are some of their responsibilities):

Sheriff:

Coroner:

Tax assessor:

20. What are municipal laws usually called?

21. Why are there city courts?

Study question for Idiot’s Guide

  1.  Who makes the final decision when conflicts arise between the federal government and the states?

2. Give an example of when “experimentation” of public policy was successful and was adopted by other states or the federal government? (It can be from the book or news accounts)

3. What are Concurrent powers?

4. What is the definition of Horizontal federalism?

Bonus question:  How & when did the Liberty Bell Crack? J

Week 10

Writing assignment:  Choose from one of the topics below or come up with your own topic you are passionate about.  (It must have to do with our government and country today) Do some research on your topic.  Write a 1+ page paper on your topic.  Make sure it is in MLS format, using good grammar and paragraph structure.  Your paper must have a title and show that you put some effort/time into it. 

Pick one thing about the U.S Constitution including its amendments that you think should be changed.  What modifications would you make?  Explain your reasons for making such changes.

Explain how executive orders have been used by presidents throughout the history of the U.S.  What is the number of executive orders issued by the current president?

Which of the rights guaranteed by the 1st Amendment do you consider the most important?  Explain your answer.

Do you think that the federal government has enough, too much, or just the right amount of power?  Defend your answer.

Illegal immigrants:  Is Donald Trump correct in his stance against Mexican immigrants?  Do immigrants damage the American economy, or are they good for it?

The Death Penalty – Should it be abolished?  Should it be consistent nationwide? (Right now, every state has its own laws on the death penalty)

People are fined $20 in Australia if they do not vote.  Should we use a similar system in America?  What could get more people involved in elections?

Should Congressmen and Senators have term limits?  Presidents can only be elected for 2 4 year terms, but Senators serve 20 – 30 years.  Is it ok for the same people to serve in Congress for decades, or should they have to retire after a certain number of years?

Should we interpret the Constitution the way the founders intended, or should we interpret it in light of changing circumstances/trends?  There are 2 schools of thought about the constitution, “original intent” and the “living document”.  Do you think the meaning of the document has changed over time? 

Are the requirements for voting in the U.S. fair?  While many people can vote, felons are restricted from voting, and teenagers under 18 can’t vote.  Should the requirements be left alone, or should changes be made?

Compare/contrast the different forms of government.  (Communist, fascist, socialist, democratic, republic) Is one form better than another? How have they survived through the centuries?  What are the pros and cons of these different types of governments?

Should we get rid of the electoral College?  Give the reasons of why it is in place to start.  Explain how keeping it or getting rid of it would benefit the people of this country. 

American Government Wk 9

Basic American Government

Read pages 192-212

Read “Articles of Confederation” Pg. 519-526

Answer questions according to the reading

Read 1Timothy 2:3-4

Current event

Study Questions

Note:  The Articles of the Confederation were proposed June 1776, approved by the Continental Congress in November 1777, and ratified and in full effect March 1781.

Pages 192-212

  1.  What does Carson mean when he says that, “The United States of American has had two constitutions?

2. What concerned the state of Maryland about the proposed Articles of Confederation? 

3. According to the Articles of Confederation, were those who wrote the document intending to create a new nation?

4. What powers were granted to the Confederation that were not kept by the individual states themselves? 

5. What does Carson believe was the greatest weakness in the Articles of Confederation? 

6. What occurred in 1786-1787 that led to the movement for a new Constitution? 

7. Besides financial instability, what else motivated certain men to want to establish a new government? 

8. Alexander Hamilton proposed a special constitutional convention.  Which state chose not to send any delegates?  Were they missed?

 9. Who is considered the “Father” of the Constitution?

10. Why did Gouverneur Morris object to counting slaves for the purpose of representation in the general government? 

11. Briefly describe the rules for speaking at the Constitutional Convention.

12. How did the convention separate the sources of powers? (how would the separate powers be elected)

13. The proposed Constitution said it would go into effect when 9 states had ratified it, yet when nine states had ratified, no one did anything.  Why? 

PP. 519-526

14. For what purpose did the states form their “league of friendship” (Article III)? 

15. What obligations did the states have toward one another with respect to their citizens? (Article IV) 

16. Why do you think it is important to the Confederation that states, individually, not be permitted to enter into treaties with other nations or among themselves? (Article VI)

17. In Article VIII you read about the taxing power of the Confederation.  On what basis were taxes to be levied?  Income?  Property?  Exports? 

18. How many major clauses do you find within Article IX?  (Look for key words “The United States in Congress assembled” or the Congress of the United States shall”) 

19. According to the Second major clause of Article IX, what would happen to a state that refused to submit to the authority of the congressional court in a decision that the court made? 

20. According to Article X, how many states had to agree in order for any act of Congress to be considered binding?    

American Gov. Week 8

Basic American Government

Read pages 181-192

Read “The Declaration of Independence” pp. 511-515

Read “Virginia Bill of Rights”  pp. 516-518

Answer questions according to the reading

Current Event

Study Questions

pp. 181-185

  1.  When was the “era of constitution-making” in American history?
  2.  What were some of the historical documents that laid the foundation for the American colonists to write a constitution? 
  3.  How and why did the Declaration of Independence come to be written?
  4. What are the 3 main sections of the Declaration? 
  5. Jefferson said that among the inalienable rights every person enjoys are “Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness”.  Which of these three words was unexpected and out of line with all previous usage?  What word would normally have been used instead? 

Pg. 185-192

6. What came first: the states or the United States?

7.  Carson seems to think that the states that wrote constitutions in 1776 and 1777 “did things wrong” They “should have” done things differently.  What is he objecting to in what they wrote? 

8. What are some of the common characteristics of virtually all the state governments in the U.S.? 

9. What are some of the key rights, outlined in the Virginia Bill of Rights that came to be part of the Constitution of the United States? 

10. Carson says that the Massachusetts Bill of Rights invoked “religious toleration” when it said, “…and every denomination of Christians…shall be equally under the protection of the law, and no subordination of any one sect or denomination to another shall ever be established by law”.  (All Christian denominations are equal, protected equally, and no one denomination will be established in the country by law)  Do you think this “toleration” went too far, or not far enough? 

11. What means have been used in the past to differentiate governmental leaders at the state level?  

Pp. 516-517

12. Do you agree or disagree with the statement, “all power is vested (belongs to) in and consequently derived from the people.”? 

13. What assumptions have gone into the 16th clause of the Bill of Rights?

14. Do you find these assumptions offensive?  Why or why not?

15. If one does not assume either a common theistic religious base or a common Christian religious base, is it possible for all people to be equally entitled to the free exercise of their religion?  Why or why not?

American Government Test

  1.  What is government?
  2. What is politics?
  3. According to Basic American Government, what type of government do all countries have a tendency to move towards? 
  4. Why did the Founders favor a government of “laws and not men”?
  5. List the three branches of government and list what each of their “roles” is.
  6.  With whom or what does ultimate sovereignty under the United States Constitution supposedly rest? 
  7. What is a republic? 
  8. What are electors? 
  9. How many Electors does each state have?
  10. What are the requirements for becoming President of the United States?
  11. How can a person be convicted of treason? 
  12. How efficient is the dispersal of power in our government? 
  13. What was the reason for establishing the Constitution? 
  14. Can a bill that has been vetoed still become law? 
  15. For how long are justices of the United States courts permitted to fulfill their judicial duties? 

Bonus Question:

If the government of the United States is not a democracy, what is it?