Grammar/Writing Week 16 (Due 1/21)

Practice with Punctuation

Commas

  1. Use Comma to set off a noun of direct address.
    1. Fred, make sure to eat all your beans.
    2. Make sure to eat all your beans,
    3. Make sure, Fred, to eat all your beans.

 Your Turn!

 

  1. Use a comma to set off introductory words.
    1. No, I won’t eat all my beans.
    2. I won’t eat all my beans, no.
    3. Ok, I’ll eat my beans.

Your Turn!

 

3.  Use a comma to set off interrupters in a sentence.

  1.  The answer, I think, is 54.
  2. In fact, the answer is 54.
  3. The answer, by the way, is

 Your Turn

 

  1. Use a comma between two or more descriptive adjectives.  (If your adjective is a color or a number, no comma is needed)
    1. Bright, sparkling stars twinkled in the night.
    2. Tall, beautiful trees rustled in the breeze.
    3. Three black cats were in the tree.

Your Turn!

 

  1. Use a comma after a dependent clause (can’t stand alone) at the beginning of the sentence.  (if the dependent clause is at the end, no comma is needed.)
    1. After we eat lunch, we went for a walk.
    2. If I can go with you, I would love that.
    3. I would love it if I could go along.

Your Turn!

 

  1. Use a comma after 2 introductory prepositional phrases or after a long prepositional phrase when a subject follows it.
    1. In the middle of the night, Frank decided he needed a snack.
    2. During the long intermission, everyone got a snack.
    3. In our bed, under the covers, down in the corner, our dog took a nap.

Your Turn!

 

  1. Use a comma to set off words or adjectives that seem out of place.
    1. Bright and shiny, the gem sparkled in the light.
    2. The dog, wet and dirty, ran into the house.
    3. My dinner is very cold, by the way.

Your Turn!

Underlining or Quotations

  1. Use and underline for names of ships, planes, and trains.
    1. We sailed on the Good Ship Lollypop.
    2. Our train, Silverton Express, arrives at 9:00.
    3. The S.S Constitution is in Boston Harbor.

Your Turn!

 

9.  Underline words, letters, or numerals used out of context.

    1. Don’t forget to dot your i’s.
    2. There are too many and’s in your paper.
    3. A 7 appeared in the left column.

Your Turn!

 

  1. Underline titles of books, magazines, movies, newspapers, plays, television shows, record albums, CDs, long stories, and works of art.
    1. I read the book The Giver this year.
    2. My favorite album of all time is Every Breath you Take.
    3. The Mona Lisa was painted around 1504.

Your Turn!

 

  1. Use Quotations to enclose the titles of chapters, articles, poems, essays, short stories, nursery rhymes, and songs.
    1. I love the song “Invisible Sun” by the Police.
    2. “Mary had a Little Lamb” is sung by every child.
    3. Robert Frost wrote the poem “The Road not Taken”.

 

Your Turn!

Grammar/Writing

Write a paragraph about Christmas.  It needs to be 10-12 sentences (or more), and you need to use the parts of speech that we have covered this year.  These parts are adjectives, adverbs, prepositional phrases, gerunds, varying sentence openers, complex sentences using conjunctions, and all your grammar rules.   Your paragraph can be describing your decorations/tree, your traditions, what you did for Christmas, etc…  Please make sure to do a brainstorm page, a sloppy copy, and then your final draft.  Please type on the computer if possible, but you won’t get points off if you handwrite it.  I’ll send out another assignment the week before classes start in January.  Merry Christmas!!

Grammar/Writing Due 12/17

Work on your worksheets handed out in class, and write 2 sentences for each rule.

Review all your past “worksheet rules”.  There will be a test next week!  The test will cover commas, colons, apostrophes, semi-colons, quotations, and underlining.

Week 10

Part I

  1.  What is a Gerund?
  •  Give 3 examples of Gerunds.
  •  Write 2 sentences using Gerunds.

Part II

 Revise the following 4 paragraphs.  Remember to replace weak nouns and verbs with ones that are concrete and vivid.  Add strong adjectives and adverbs.  Add prepositional phrases.  Remember to use different sentence openers and Gerunds.  Also, add conjunctions (combine sentences) where needed.

Robert got out of the boat.  Robert was in front of a dog.  The dog was not happy.  Robert did not know what to do.  He thought for a long time.  Robert had an idea.  He sang.  The dog went to sleep.

The dragon was mad.  The dragon landed on the ground.  The dragon went to its cave.  The dragon found that its treasure was missing.  He was not happy.  The dragon left the cave.

The dragon is a scary creature.  It stands up.  It is tall.  The dragon spreads its wings.  It opens its mouth.  He has lots of teeth.  It spits fire.  Its eyes are red.  He flies away.

The dwarfs were tired.  They had walked all day.  They got home.  They sat down outside.  They started a fire.  The dwarfs ate dinner.  They were glad they were done traveling. They were glad they had taken the trip.  It was a good trip.

Part III

Conjunctions are words that are like links in a chain.  They join nouns together, verbs together, prepositional phrases together, DO, IO, and sentences together.  Here are some examples of each:

Two nouns–Dan and Kay are my friends.

Two verbs—Dan went swimming and diving.

Two prep. phrases—I went to the park and up the mountain.

Direct Objects—I threw the bat and ball. 

Indirect objects—I sent mom and dad an anniversary card.

Two sentences—Sue ate pizza, but Dan ate hotdogs. (don’t forget the comma before the conjunction.)

Now you try!!!  Write 1 sentence for each way conjunctions can be used.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Part IV

Write 5 sentences using 5 comma rules of your choice.

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2.

3.

4.

5.

Week 9

Conjunctions & Commas

Part I

  1.  What do conjunctions do?

2. Name the conjunctions we covered in class. There are 8.

3. Write 5 sentences using compound subjects.

4. Write 5 sentences using compound verbs.

5. Combine these 2 simple sentences into compound sentences using a comma and a conjunction.

The evil queen went sailing.  The troll went sailing.

The elf bought roller skates.  The dwarf bought a skateboard.

The mermaid dove deeply.  Her sister chased after small fish.

Baba Yoga lit the candles.  Her cat slept in the corner.

The elf smiled.  She said nothing.

The king could take the day off.  He could practice his sward fighting.

Write 5 sentences using compound sentences. (Remember, a compound sentence must have complete sentences on each side of the conjunction.)

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

Part II

Place needed commas in the following sentences.  It will help if you have your 10 comma rules next to you for review!

  1.  In Rome Italy there are many beautiful fountains.
  2. His entire outlook it seemed had changed.
  3. Miss Smith my kitten has gone to sleep.
  4. The turkeys ducks and chickens have not been fed.
  5. Will you help me Kristin?
  6. Yes we will take Route 91 to the caverns.
  7. Dear Matilda  

I am still your best friend.

            Love

            Mary

8. Carol plans on going to Ohio and I am going to NY.

 9. During the night owls sat in the barn.

10. Our address is 27 Haven Avenue Boston Massachusetts.

11. Sam walked home but I took the bus.

12. Large neon letters flashed on the new sign.

13. Rhonda will you paint that wall put new tile in the bathroom and wallpaper the entry.

13. Well those flowers have sure grown over the last 2 weeks.

14. Doris Greer my grandmother was married in Appleton Wisconsin by her father.

Part III

Write 2 sentences for each “Comma Rule” we covered in class.

Rule 1:

Rule 2:

Rule 3:

Rule 4:

Rule 5:

Rule 6:

Rule 7:

Rule 8:

Rule 9:

Rule 10:

Part IV

Add needed commas, and list which Comma rule you used.

  1. Gail’s dad lives at 1725 N. Palomino Avenue Sedalia CO 80135.        __________
  2. Edna went to Lansing Michigan over her summer break.                  ___________
  3. The dog’s food is on the floor and ants are crawling on it.                ___________
  4. Will you please get eggs milk bread and cheese for me?                   ___________
  5. Lori I saw your dad while I was on my bike ride today!                     ___________
  6. Let’s eat children!  ___________

7. Yes I would love to see that movie with you!                                     ___________

8. In the night time was extremely important.                                      ___________

9. Dan my brother is coming for a visit soon.                                         ___________

10. The answer I think is 245.    ___________

Week 8 Homework

 DO/IO Review, Preposition Review, and Imperatives

Part I

Write 6 sentences with action verbs and Direct Objects. (remember the action has to be transferred to something.  It has to answer the question Subject + Verb What?)

            1.

            2. 

            3.

            4.

            5.

            6.

Write 6 sentences with action verbs, Indirect objects and Direct Objects.  (remember to ask your questions…Subject + Verb What?   Who gets the “what”? 

            1.

            2.

            3.

            4.

            5.

            6.

Part II

Imperative sentences give a command.  The Subject “You” is implied.  Write 6 imperative sentences.  Add and underline “you” for the subject once, underline the verb or verb phrase twice.  If you have any prepositional phrases, put parenthesis around them and label any DO or IO. 

            1.

            2.

            3.

            4.

            5.

            6.

Part III

Rewrite and combine the following sentences by adding prepositional phrases.  These can be placed anywhere in your sentence.   You may add other words as well. Here is an example:  Before: There is a hen.  There is a wooden table.  The hen clucks and lays golden eggs.  After:  Perched on the wooden table, the hen clucks loudly and lays 3 golden eggs in her nest.

  1.  There is a princess.  There is a throne.  There is a ballroom.
  •  There is a dwarf.  There is a shoe.  The shoe looks like an ogre’s foot.
  •  There is a blackbird.  There is a tree.  There is a castle.  There is a window.
  •  There is an elf.  There is a meadow.  There is the moon.
  •  There is a man.  There is a basketball. There are 3 children.
  •  There was a house.  There was a girl. There was an apple.
  •  There was a costume.  There was candy.  There was a basket.

Part III

Find a picture from a children’s book, a photo album, a famous painting, a newspaper, or a magazine.  Write 5 sentences for the picture using at least 2 prepositions in each sentence.  Remember, prepositions can act as adjectives or adverbs.  Try to add some strong adjectives also.

Ex: The picture is of a teddy bear sitting under the Christmas tree with other gifts.

            The bear with the stocking hat is under the tree.

            The cup is next to the bear under our tree.

            The lights on the tree make the bear look very cozy in his little hat.

Among all the gifts under our tree, I like my Christmas bear with the hat the most.

Under the tree at Christmas time you can find many toys for adults and kids that are sure to bring a smile to your face.

Your turn!!!

Week 7 Homework

Decide what you will be describing in your paragraph.

  1. Do your brainstorm sheet.  List the things you can see, feel, hear, smell about what you are describing.
  • Write a sloppy copy.  Turn your list into sentences.  No corrections. Begin by telling your reader what you are going to describe.  Do not use the words, “I’m going to describe….”!

Here is an idea of how to start.  The (your idea) was (list a describing word).  The meadow was a beautiful place to rest.

  • Revise your sloppy copy.  Read through it and change weak adjectives, nouns, and verbs with stronger ones.  Try adding prepositional phrases and maybe some alliterations.
  • Edit your paper for a final draft.  Check your revisions to see that all words are spelled correctly, you used proper grammar, and you have made your sentences clear in their understanding. Paint that picture!!!

Test 1

  1.  What is a noun?
  •  What are the 3 types of nouns?  Give an example for each one.
  •  What is a verb?
  •  What are the 2 different types of verbs?  Give an example for each one.
  •  List the 23 helping verbs.
  •  What is the job of an adjective? Write a sentence using an adjective.
  • What is the job of an adverb?  Write a sentence using a verb.
  • What is a Direct Object?  Write a sentence using a DO.
  • What is an Indirect Object?  Write a sentence using an IO.
  1. What is a Prepositional phrase?  Write a sentence using one.

Writing Grammar Week 6

Week 6-Direct Object/Indirect Object Review & Prepositions

Part I–Prepositional phrases (Remember it begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun shortly after it)

First, cross out prepositional phrases (There may be more than one).  Then underline the subject once and the verb or verb phrase twice. 

  1. After school we walked to the library.
  2. Mary sits behind you in science class.
  3. During a trip to the zoo, the child stared at the lions and the tigers.
  4. The plane flew above the clouds.
  5. Jane lives across the street from me.
  6. In the spring and summer, I visit our friends for a week.
  7. Down the road galloped the horse. (think carefully on this one 😊)
  8. We went to the beach.
  9. Some boys crawled under the car.
  10. The pump is behind the barn.
  11. The gift was from John and his sister.
  12. They stopped along the road for five minutes.
  13. During skiing season our family went to a lodge for a weekend.
  14. All friends but Susan and Bill came to the party.
  15. The cars travel below the river and through the tunnel.
  16. Before lunch and dinner, the parent reads to the children.
  17. The telephone rang in the middle of the night.
  18. Below the sink is the garbage can.
  19. Everyone except Mary left by noon.
  20. Within ten minutes of the call, my dad arrived in our driveway.
  21. The shoppers went down the street to the new store.
  22. We walked between the aisles of the supermarket.
  23. Throughout the day the rain came in the window.
  24. After the television program about snakes, we rode on our bikes to the zoo.
  25. The report concerning smoking is in my desk.
  26. Outside our house behind the garage a pine tree grows.
  27. The price of soda is over a dollar.
  28. Past the large sign on the side of the road is a windmill.
  29. All students except Juan rode to school on the bus.
  30. The child went up the ladder and down the slide.

Your turn to write 5 sentences with a preposition phrase.  

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2.

3.

4.

5.

Part II–Direct Objects

First, cross out prepositional phrases.  Next, Underline your subject once and your verb or verb phrase twice. (Remember a verb phrase is the verb with a helping verb in front of it.)  Third, find any DO’s in the sentences. 

  1.  I put the casserole into the oven.
  2. The campers made a fire at night.
  3. We cleaned the pool after the dust storm.
  4. Before dawn the farmer milked the cows. 
  5. During the emergency, the lifeguard pulled the child from the water.
  6. Mary chased Susan and her friend around the room.
  7. Santa left the gifts under the tree.
  8. A traveler caught a taxi to the bus terminal.
  9. Within two minutes the monkey had eaten three bananas.
  10. A handyman placed paneling on the wall in our den.
  11. Several of the squirrels had hidden nuts in the tree.
  12. At noon we should have eaten more pizza.
  13. Has John or Grace taken the test today?
  14. Roofers placed new shingles on the house.
  15. Take this envelope and that package to the post office.
  16. The coach carried the injured player off the field.
  17. At the soda fountain each of us ate a sundae.
  18. Have you seen my watch anywhere?
  19. Birds ate the seeds in our garden.
  20. They bought a new tape for their collection.
  21. Dr. Abernathy gave sugarless lollipops to his young patients before their exam.
  22. Have you dialed the phone?
  23. I cannot bring my whistle or horn to your house.
  24. The ladies’ club served coffee and tea at the end of the meeting.
  25. We will not cut the grass until evening.
  26. Give your book to the new student before you leave.
  27. The housekeeper washed the floors and dusted the furniture.
  28. Did you send me a card on my birthday?
  29. Someone hid my keys under the table and scribbled the walls with purple crayons.
  30. Is the milkman delivering mild in your neighborhood?

Now you write 5 sentences with Direct Objects

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2.

3.

4.

5.

Part III- Direct Objects and Indirect Objects

First cross out the any prepositional phrases.  Next find the subject and verb or verb phrases.  Finally find any Direct Objects or Indirect Objects. (Remember, you can’t have an IO without a DO, but you can have a DO without an IO)

  1. We sent the company proofs of purchases for a free frisbee.
  2. Jackie ordered her husband a stereo for their anniversary.
  3. The collector gave us three new garbage cans.
  4. The child draws his parents a pretty picture at school
  5. The loan officer has often loaned them money.
  6. Will you send the shop owner my new address?
  7. Has the rental agent found the young couple an apartment?
  8. Each year the boss gives the employees a cash bonus.
  9. I gave Terry your books after the class.
  10. A gypsy had told Harriet and unusual story.
  11. Dad gave Annie and Tom our tickets.
  12. She baked the family a pie.
  13. Can you hand me your paper?
  14. Someone ordered Mr. Jones and Mrs. Herb spark plugs for their Model T.
  15. The termite inspector should have told us more information.
  16. That cashier gave Dr. king some change.
  17. I prepared them a huge feast.
  18. My friend sent you the proper forms.
  19. Dad presented me a bike for my birthday.
  20. The artist drew our company a sketch of the new building.
  21. He fixed us a place to sleep for the night.
  22. Grandpa sent Rick and Donna chocolate chip cookies at camp.
  23. I handed the teller five checks for her to deposit.
  24. Dad bakes us cookies every Tuesday afternoon after work.
  25. The traffic officer presented the driver a speeding ticket.
  26. Her company printed the customer twenty business cards.
  27. A missionary gave the natives food to last over the summer.
  28. Laura asked the teacher a question about the math assignment.
  29. The librarian presented the child a reading award.
  30. We sent Tim, Anna, and Sally shells from Florida.

Now you write 5 sentences with both an Indirect Object and Direct Object

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