American Gov. Due 4/8

American Government Week 28

Are you Liberal? Conservative? Or Confused

Read pg. 17-Chapter 12

Answer Questions

Read article “Everything I Want to Do is Illegal” (link below)

http://alcoholcanbeagas.com/sites/acbag/files/salatin_illegal.pdf

Be ready to discuss in class

Bible Reading

Galatians 6:7-8

Current Event

 

Are You Liberal? Concervative?

*Juris Naturalism (Natural Law): The belief in a natural law that is higher than any government’s law.

 

Pg. 17-Ch. 4

  1. Maybury uses a good example for why true objectivity is impossible.  What is his example?

 

  1. Why is it difficult for a journalist to remain objective?

 

 

  1. What is higher law?

 

  1. What are the 2 fundamental laws that every rational person wants?

 

5.  What characteristic sets government apart from all other institutions?

 

  1. What makes political power dangerous?

 

 

  1. What type of government does a juris naturalist want?

 

 

Ch. 5-12

  1. In your daily life, how does the government encroach, or force you to buy what it is selling?

 

  1. How do liberals and conservatives differ in their views of how government should control a population?

 

 

  1. Moderates, or centrists, fall between the liberal left and the conservative right. How does Maybury claim they are different?

 

  1. What is the difference between freedom and liberty?

 

 

  1. What foreign policy would the juris naturalist prefer?

 

  1. What flaw does Maybury see in the Bill or Rights?

 

 

  1. How does the author describe a socialist?

 

  1. How are Socialism and Communism linked? (Pg. 64)

American Government Due 4/2

Good to see you all today!  Here is your homework for next week. Make sure to have it to me by Wed. night 8:00 pm.

American Government Week 27

The Complete Idiot’s Guide

Chapter 8

Answer Questions

Selecting a President

Pg. 81-104

Ch. 5-6

Answer Questions

Bible Reading

1 Peter 5:8-9

Current Event

 

 

The Complete Idiot’s Guide

  1. How many people in the United States are allowed to vote?  How many of those people actually vote?

 

 

  1. What is the main reason most people in the U.S. do  not vote?

 

 

  1. What is a poll tax? Is it still used today?

 

 

  1. Describe the difference between the Democratic Party label and the Republican Party Label.

 

 

 

  1. Besides feeling their votes don’t count, what are some other reasons people don’t vote?

 

 

  1. Besides voting, what are other forms of political participation?

 

 

  1. Are all Americans over the age of 18 allowed to vote?

 

 

  1. What are some of the sociological factors that affect voter behavior?

 

 

Selecting a President

Pg. 81-104

  1. What is the balancing act the incumbent president must manage during the campaign?

 

  1. What role does the economy play in an election?

 

 

  1. What are public opinion polls?

 

 

 

  1. Does increased voter registration also increase voter turnout?

 

 

 

Ch. 5-6

  1. What are “pollwatchers”?

 

 

  1. Do all voters vote on Election Day?

 

 

 

  1. How many electoral votes does it take to win the Presidential election?

 

 

 

  1. The presidential transition lasts from the end of the election to January 20, when the President takes the oath of office. What happens during this time for the incoming President?

 

 

  1. What is the inaugural address?

American Government Due 3/26

Enjoy your spring break!!!!!

American Government Week 26

The Complete Idiot’s Guide

Read Ch. 7

Answer questions with detail

Selecting a President

Read Intro and Ch. 1-4 (only to pg. 80)

Answer questions with detail. No 1-2 word answers!  (Think “explain” your answers!!!)

 Bible Reading

Read 1 Peter 5:8-9

Current Event

Remember 1) keep it to political news and 2) it adds 3 points to your grade!

 

Chapter 7: The Complete Idiot’s Guide

  1. What is “franking”?

 

  1. What is gerrymandering?

 

 

Selecting a President

Intro & Ch. 1

  1. Why are presidential elections important?

 

 

  1. Who else is up for election on the same day as the President?

 

 

  1. What are “spoilers”?

 

  1. Do presidential candidates campaign equally in all states?

 

 

 

Ch. 2-4 (pg.80)

  1. What are some roles various presidents have had before elected to the presidency?

 

  1. Who are “Superdelegates

 

 

 

  1. What is a “party platform”?

 

  1. How would presidential campaigns be different if presidents were elected by the popular vote and not the Electoral College?

 

 

  1. How many Electoral College votes are there?

 

  1. In the event of an Electoral College tie, what is the constitutional way to elect the president?

 

 

  1. Does the Electoral College reflect the popular vote? Explain

 

 

  1. What are swing states or battleground states?

 

  1. What are exit polls?

American Government Due 3/12

American Government Week 25

Basic American Government

Read pgs. 460-474

Answer questions

Read Article (link below)

https://imprimis.hillsdale.edu/the-threat-from-lawyers-is-no-joke/

Highlight interesting thoughts, jot notes in the margin, and be ready to discuss in class

Current Event

 

Basic American Government

Pgs. 460-467

  1. According to Carson, what is the main business of the government?

 

  1. Does this seem to be the main business of the government?

 

 

  1. According to Carson, the prisons in America are” bursting at the seams,” which is an indicator of the rising crime rate. What crimes does he mention to demonstrate that crime is apparently on the rise?

 

  1. Do you think crime is really on the rise or is the number of prisoners itself an effect of government run a muck? Explain your answer.

 

 

  1. Carson says, “The law is not suited…to settling labor disputes, to running businesses, to laying down rules for schools, to redistributing the wealth, or thousands of other things.” Do you think he is right?  Why or why not?

 

 

  1. Do you agree with Carson that the problem of crime is not a matter of the number of police but a matter of the missing belief in morals and religious principles and self-control? Explain your answer.

 

 

Pgs. 467-474

  1. Do you believe that the United States is out of control? Why or why not.

 

  1. Carson says that one of the greatest weaknesses in government is dealing firmly and forcefully with groups. What are some groups he uses to illustrate this point?

 

 

 

  1. Think of various protests around the world. e. Rosa Parks who refused to move to the back of the bus as the law demanded,  Black and whites who “sat in” together at racially segregated lunch counters,  Antiwar demonstrators of the 60’s & 70’s.  Pro-life demonstrators who sit in around abortion clinics.  In each case, we are talking about people who “broke the law”; but were they “wrong”?  What should determine the ultimate rightness or wrongness of one’s actions?  (Read Acts 5:28-29 then answer).

 

 

 

  1. When Carson says these activities indicate the government has assumed a role and powers that belong exclusively to God, do you think he is correct or not? Why or why not?

 

11.  Carson says, “Government has no more business providing us with food, education, and clothing than it does to tell us who, how, and when we shall  worship.” Is he correct?  What would happen if government told us who, how or when we could worship?

 

 

  1. According to Carson, what is the problem with Roosevelt’s Economic Bill of Rights?

 

  1. What is your understanding of Carson’s closing statement that, “It is at this philosophical level (the level that says the government is provider) that government is most profoundly out of control? Do you agree?  Disagree?  Why?

American Government Due 3/5

American Government Week 24

Basic American Government

Read pgs.  449-460

Answer Questions

The Complete Idiot’s Guide

Read Chapter 14

Answer Questions

Create a campaign poster for a current candidate.

Choose any of the currently running candidates.  Create a poster to “sell” your candidate. Remember, you want to win the most votes for your candidate!Bible Reading

1 Peter 5: 6-7

Current Event

 

Basic American Government

Pgs. 449-453

  1. Describe how the United States government moved from commodity backed money to flat money as explained in these pages?

 

 

  1. According to Carson, how is the Federal Government able to “spend more and more, increase the debt higher and higher, and neither balance the budget nor make any provision for retiring the debt” and still stay in business?

 

 

  1. Why does Carson believe this is a problem

 

Pgs. 453-460

  1. According to Carson, what is a “bureaucrat”?

 

  1. What are some of the various names for the federal bureaucracies

 

 

  1. Carson suggests there is a widespread obsession concerning the value of laws. What is that?

 

  1. Can you think of some examples of life’s problems, pains, difficulties, etc. that laws cannot solve? (Don’t just tell me, no)

 

  1. Do you think there is any way around all the rules and regulations in this country? Do you think we can have a complex and large society without the abundance of rules?

 

 

The Complete Idiot’s Guide

  1. Name 5 (of the many) agencies under the Executive Branch of government and a very brief description of what they do.

 

 

 

  1. What is the “spoils system”?

American Gov. Due 2/27

American Government Week 23

Basic American Government

Read pgs. 432-449

Answer Questions

The Complete Idiot’s Guide

Read Ch. 22

Answer Questions

Current Event

 

Basic American Government

Pgs. 432-439

  1. Carson believes that as religion has been progressively driven out of public life, America has been inundated with publicly expressed profanities, vulgarities, and obscenities.  Do you feel the 2 are related?

 

  1. Describe Roe vs Wade in your own opinion. What do you think it really is about?

 

 

  1. What did the Supreme Court justices say it was about?

 

  1. What is Carson’s main concern when talking about Roe v. Wade

 

 

 

  1. According to Carson, why should the government not be allowed to authorize, license, give their assent to, or take the life of an unborn child to abortion?

 

 

Pgs. 441-449

  1. According to Carson, in what sense is the United States government out of control?

 

  1. In your own opinion, in what way do you feel the United States is out of control? (If you don’t feel it is out of control, defend why you think this)

 

  1. How is the government budget different from a family budget?

 

 

****As of Dec. 31, 2018 the country’s debt was $21.5 trillion.  That is compared to $5.7 trillion in 2001.  This comes out to just over $161,000 per person.

 

  1. Knowing the above statistics, how do you think our government is handling the country’s budget well? Explain your answer.

 

  1. According to Carson, what created the welfare state syndrome

 

 

  1. On what grounds does Carson say the welfare state is unconstitutional

 

  1. What is your view on the welfare state?

 

 

  1. According to Carson, on what basis is foreign aid unconstitutional?

 

 

 

The Complete Idiot’s Guide

  1. Briefly explain what the following are:
  2.  Social security

Medicare

 

Medicaid

 

Unemployment Compensation

 

  1. Do you agree with government being involved in Abortion, Gun control, Gay Marriage and education decisions?  Explain your answer.

 

 

  1. Do you agree or disagree with school Vouchers? Explain your answer.

American Government Due 2/20

American Government Week 22

Basic American government

Read Pgs. 416-432

Answer questions

****Review weeks 15-21 for a test next week

Bible Reading

Read Colossians 2: 8-9

Current Event

 

Basic American Government

Pgs. 416-423

  1. Carson begins to demonstrate how the decisions of the Supreme Court reduced the power and authority of the states in one decision after another.  The first of these decisions was the case of Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka.  What was the issue of this case?

 

  1. Why was this a problem?

 

 

  1. What is the issue for Carson in the “segregation decisions?” What is your take on this issue?

 

 

 

Pgs. 423-432

  1. Carson refers to three famous Supreme Court decisions that have had major impact o the way criminals are apprehended and tried.  What are those cases, and why is each one important?

 

  1. Why were these 3 cases a concern for Carson?

 

 

  1. What freedoms are generally associated with the 1st amendment?

 

 

  1. Why is the phrase “Congress shall make no law” the defining phrase of the 1st amendment in Carson’s view?

 

 

  1. According to the opinion of Justice Hugo Black, (as quoted by Carson) what did the 1st Amendment require?

 

 

  1. What problems did Carson have with these opinions?

 

 

 

  1. To what Supreme Court cases does the phrase “Schempp-Murray cases” reference?

 

 

 

  1. What other similar decisions have federal courts made that Carson points out?

 

 

  1. Carson believes these actions have tended to drive religion and its influence out of public life. What do you think?  What is your attitude toward the change?

American Government Due 2/13

American Government Week 21

Basic American Government

Pgs. 396-416

Pgs. 550-553 Amendments

Read attached article

“The Legacy of the 1936 Election”

 

Current Event

Research for “Convince me Otherwise” We will be discussing these in class.

(If you are for the wall….convince me why we don’t need one; If you are against the wall….convince me why we need one)

 

Basic American Government

Pgs. 396-407

  1. What was Roosevelt’s court reorganization program?

 

 

 

  1. According to Carson, in addition to the expansion of central government power without amendments to the Constitution, what other 2 devices have officials within the national government used to get their agendas passed without public approval?

 

 

  1. What examples does Carson give of dividing the populace?

 

 

 

  1. What are the chief charges Carson raises against the Social Security system?

 

 

 

  1. What two examples does Carson give to demonstrate that the redistribution of wealth sometimes enriches the wealthy even more than the poor?

 

  1. Carson says the “we Americans have been corrupted by the goodies handed out by government, and prefer them greatly to the strict construction of the Constitution”. Do you agree?  Have Americans been bought?  If so, do you think it is a problem?

 

 

 

 

Pgs. 409-416

  1. What influences aided in the “nationalizing” of American attitudes, habits, and outlook?

 

  1. Now it appears that the computer and the internet are helping to create an even larger “world view”. Do you think this “internationalization” is a good thing or bad?  Why?

 

 

  1. Why or how is government dangerous

 

 

 

  1. Carson states that the problem with government is how to limit and constrain it, and the larger and more centralized the power becomes the more difficult it is to constrain it? Do you see this true in the world throughout history or today?  Give an example.

 

 

 

  1. In Carson’s list of government grants for various purposes (pg. 412) which, if any, have had an impact in your life? (Make sure to ask your parents about scholarships, grants, loans.)

 

  1. How might your life be different if it weren’t for these grants?

 

 

  1. According to Carson, how are these grants funded?

 

 

“The Legacy of the 1936 Election”

  1. Who was “Forgotten Man”?

 

 

  1. What was the goal of the PWA?

 

 

 

  1. Although the WPA was another way of making the new federal role seem less threatening, (symbolized by a new relationship between the Federal Government and the counties and localities) what else did it produce

 

 

 

  1. Did the people prefer this system?

 

 

 

  1. Which states were helped by Roosevelt’s programs most?

 

The Legacy of the 1936 Election

By Amity Shlaes

Amity Shlaes is a syndicated columnist for Bloomberg, a director of the Four Percent Growth Project at the George W. Bush Presidential Center, and a member of the board of the Calvin Coolidge Memorial Foundation. She has served as a member of the editorial board of the Wall Street Journal and as a columnist for the Financial Times, and is a recipient of the Hayek Prize and the Frederic Bastiat Prize for free-market journalism. She is the author of four books, Germany: The Empire WithinThe Forgotten Man: A New History of the Great DepressionThe Greedy Hand: How Taxes Drive Americans Crazy and What to Do About It, and Coolidge.

The following is adapted from a lecture delivered on the Hillsdale College campus on July 24, 2007, during a Hillsdale Hostel on the American Constitution.

 

What makes the current field of candidates so timid?  It is clear listening to figures from both parties this year that they still believe Social Security is untouchable.  This, despite the fact that bringing Social Security into solvency is a relatively easy task.  When it comes to the more serious fiscal burdens upon our grandchildren, the candidates are likewise timid. This despite the fact that those burdens only become heavier as we delay. We speak of 2008 as an election year, but it is also the year when the tide of Social Security cash begins to recede with the retirement of Baby Boomers.

But where is the origin of the problem?  Traditionally historians have focused on the slow rise of American progressivism over the past century and a half.  I’m going to do something different, and undertake an almost artificial exercise.  Here I will compress history and argue that this destructive hesitation comes out of a single political campaign, the presidential campaign of 1936.  This campaign marked the virtual end of old-fashioned American federalism and the rise of a new kind of politics. It was 1936 more than any other campaign that created modern interest groups and taught us that Washington should subsidize them.

Pinning blame on a single campaign (and its run up) may seem facile. Still, the story is well worth telling.


The Run Up

In 1932, total federal spending was still only five percent of gross domestic product.  Spending by states and local governments represented by contrast ten percent of GDP. Even well into the Depression, it was to state and local governments that many looked for a means to recovery.  There was no big tax redistribution.  The word “liberalism” still signified a belief in individual liberty rather than paternalistic government.  Nor did American workers view themselves so much as a class in those years.  They viewed themselves as moving up and down the economic ladder.  Even our greatest union, the American Federation of Labor, was more of a craft and trade union than a class union. But all this was soon to change.

In his 1932 campaign, Franklin D. Roosevelt had talked about helping someone he called “the forgotten man.”  He was thinking of the poorest man, or as he put it—invoking the time of the pharaohs—“the man at the bottom of the economic pyramid.”  His speechwriter, Ray Moley, had inserted the phrase into an address on The Lucky Strike Hour. Moley wrote to his sister Nell that he didn’t know where the phrase came from. But in fact it did have a provenance.  It came from an essay (and later a book) written decades before, called The Forgotten Man. Written by a famous Yale professor named William Graham Sumner, this essay defined “the forgotten man” differently.

Sumner employed an algebra to explain what he meant: A and B want to help X, he wrote.  This is the charitable impulse. The problem arises when A and B band together and pass a law that coerces C into co-funding their project for X. Sumner identified C as the forgotten man. He is the man who works, the man who prays, the man who pays his own bills, the man who is “never thought of.”

But this did not matter to Roosevelt, who of course won handily in 1932 without thinking much about the phrase again.  He spent the next few years trying to help the poor through the now famous New Deal measures.  But three years into his presidency, his efforts were still failing. The New Deal was having mixed results.  Unemployment in May 1935 stood at what we today would compute to 20.1 percent—a large share of Americans were still forgotten men.  The Brookings Institution wrote a nearly 1,000-page report on the New Deal’s centerpiece, the National Recovery Administration, concluding that it “on the whole retarded recovery.”  The Dow was stuck in the low hundreds, nowhere near even the 250 it had been in 1930 under Hoover, well into the downturn.  As a result, in July 1935— the year before the 1936 election—Roosevelt made a decision to give up on trying to help the general economy.  Instead, he decided to refine his definition of “the forgotten man”.  No longer would this man be simply the poor person at the bottom of the economic pyramid.  The forgotten man would now be the member of certain defined constituency groups—groups like senior citizens, farmers, writers and artists, and union members.

Federal Largesse

Critical to FDR’s plan was to invent ways to alter the bonds of towns and individuals with their states and establish bonds with Washington, D.C.  One of the first important institutions through which this was accomplished was an old office that we rarely talk about anymore, the Public Works Administration or PWA.  The PWA was placed under the control of Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes—father of Harold M. Ickes, the prominent Democratic strategist who has worked with Bill and Hillary Clinton.  The PWA’s role was to fund buildings, bridges, and other structures in towns and villages all over America.

The PWA went to counties and towns to offer them a combination of grants and loans to build schools or dams or power plants, or any kind of public buildings. PWA regional offices sent all bids for structures back to the national office, where Ickes reviewed them.  Then, every week, with a manila envelope, he went to the White House and Roosevelt looked them over personally, just as he looked, say, over his stamp collection in the evenings.

On the local end, the experience was a pleasant one for mayors or officers of the county.  They were able to allocate the cash, to pick the architect and even the contractors.  The money made them feel empowered.

The scale of the spending of the PWA was unprecedented. Its budget was $3 billion in its first few years, or half the size of the federal budget in any given year.  Ickes himself was stunned by the magnitude: “It helped me to estimate its size,” he wrote, “by figuring that if we had it all in currency and should load it into trucks, we could set out with it from Washington, D.C., for the Pacific Coast, shovel off one million dollars at every milepost,” and at the end “still have enough left to build a fleet of battle ships.”  It is hard now, when we have become accustomed to imperious Washington bureaucrats, to imagine the high of the brand new experience Ickes was enjoying.  Riding up and down the East Coast and across the country on a train with the President—in special cars with a new luxury that Ickes in his diary calls “cooled air”—he felt that his job gave him the ability to reshape the country.  And indeed, the pyramid image appeared again: people called Ickes a pharaoh.  And in fact, the PWA enabled him to be like a pharaoh—simultaneously grandiose and petty. On each PWA structure were placed the words: “Harold L. Ickes, Secretary of the Interior.”

There were more than 3,000 counties in the United States, and all but 33 of them received a PWA project.  Many received several. At Michigan State University alone—just up the road from Hillsdale—nine PWA buildings went up.

What did the country think of it all?  The critic Frederick A. Gutheim wrote an article at the end of the 1930s complaining that the entire PWA produced “not one architectural masterpiece.”  But that in a way was the point.  Roosevelt knew that masterpieces were not what was needed for his purpose.  On the contrary, a masterpiece from Washington might stand out too much in small town America.  This was a task of ingratiation.

The goal was to make the towns feel that the buildings were theirs, to get people used to Washington’s hand being involved in projects that formerly were entirely local.  Relatedly, Ickes was attacked on all sides for the pickiness with which he reviewed PWA projects.  But Roosevelt told Ickes that he did not mind. “This slowness did not displease him,” Ickes wrote.  “On the contrary, he said to me, ‘I do not want you to move any faster.’”  The extra months that the process took were extra months of activity that held the eye, evidence that Roosevelt the candidate was doing something.

With this advertisement campaign in place, Roosevelt went on to connect with all his targeted groups. The Wagner Act, the Public Utilities Law, the Social Security Law, and the Works Progress Administration—WPA, not to be confused with PWA—were all passed in great haste, beginning in the summer of 1935. Senator Arthur Vandenberg of Michigan was so aghast at the scale of WPA spending that he decried the “four or five billion worth of lost liberty.”

The WPA served much the same purpose as the PWA.  Many here will recall those humble, high quality WPA guidebooks to cities, states and regions. They were another way of making the new federal role seem less threatening.  Just like the building projects of the PWA, they symbolized a new relationship between the federal government and the counties and localities, from which states are cut out.

The WPA also developed a direct form of propaganda: writings and theater that supported the New Deal.  In October 1935, the Agency announced that it was producing a play in New York about agriculture called Triple A Plowed Under (Triple A was a New Deal agency).  The WPA also produced Power, a Marxist play that caricatured private-sector utilities executives as old men who exploit American households.  The New Deal produced some real art—we all remember the compelling photo of the migrant mother by Dorothea Lange. But it also produced pure propaganda.

It is hard for us now to overestimate how welcome it was for so many journalists, photographers, artists, sculptors, and actors, to be on the Washington payroll.  There was no Hatch Act in those days, no federal law precluding political activity by government officials.  The WPA was the equivalent of Congress or the White House today moving, after a market crash, to put the staffers of Slate and Google on its payroll as bloggers.

Even by the end of 1935, what the federal government was doing was so changed that it would have been scarcely recognizable to someone from the minimalist 1920s.  Washington spent $5.6 billion for the year, double the level of 1930—and this was before the first Social Security check was cut.

Interest Group Politics

It is worthwhile to pause and consider what all these New Deal programs were doing.  They were not bringing the economy back to health.  Indeed, they frightened participants in the economy.  Utilities, for example, were seeing increased use of electricity, even in the Depression. But utility stocks were not booming because Roosevelt was attacking utility companies as enemies of “the forgotten man.”  In fact, Ickes was giving towns power plants in exchange for their commitment to use government power instead of private power.  The Dow, as mentioned before, was still in the 100s.  Unemployment was still through the roof —19 percent in March 1936.  Nonetheless, Roosevelt saw what his work at identifying groups to receive federal largesse would do: it would get votes.  He continued to reach out to the mythical figure of “the forgotten man” through the spring, summer, and fall of 1936.  Interestingly, people especially preferred the projects that were not for the poorest—the ones that instead helped the middle class along, not with relief, but with work and entitlements.  This foreshadowed our own attitudes today.

Toward the end of the 1936 campaign, near the elections, Roosevelt moved into a frenzy, reaching out even to those groups he might have neglected before.  He announced a $2 million expansion at Virginia State College, a black institution.  In late October of 1936, days before the vote, he told an audience at Howard University that there are “no forgotten men and no forgotten races.”  By the last days of the election Roosevelt therefore had cemented his party’s position vis-àvis his revised “forgotten man”—now a member of a group, not an individual.  The job of everyone in the “unforgotten” groups henceforward would be to pay for the larger Washington that in turn would pay for the “forgotten” ones.

In 1936, federal spending moved to nine percent of GDP, up from two-and-a-half percent in 1929.  If the gift to the 1932 electorate had been liquor—with the promise of Prohibition’s repeal—federal spending was the gift in this election cycle.  Historian Jim Couch of the University of North Alabama has shown the precision of the targeting of this money as a way of buying votes.  He documents that Roosevelt poured money into battleground states and gave short shrift to safe states, including those of the poor South.  Richard Vedder of the University of Ohio has data that suggests that the creation of jobs was also targeted politically.  Reckoning unemployment rates month-by-month for 1930 to 1939, he found that though the average for 1935 or 1936 is between 15 and 20 percent, there is one month where unemployment dropped to 13.9 percent: November 1936, the month of the election.  It went below that, and then rose again.

In other words, it is true that FDR was at his most popular in 1936, taking 46 of 48 states; but that fact cannot be credited entirely to his radio voice.  Nor to the heroic popularity of an ailing president leading a nation through World War II—as we now, anachronistically, remember the 1930s elections.  That would come later.  In 1936, Roosevelt’s was also the popularity of a leader who had invented a new way to reward the constituencies that he needed to win.

**********************************************************************************

The overall lesson of this is that we can continue to respect many aspects of Roosevelt’s presidency today.  But we shouldn’t have false nostalgia about it.  After all, it was Roosevelt’s political machinations in the 1936 campaign—symbolized by the PWA—that gave us the “earmarks” that bedevil Congress today, on both sides of the political aisle.  Action is more important today because of our fiscal challenge—the new forgotten men are the grandchildren who will pay if we do not give up some of that costly nostalgia.  John Marini was right when he said, right here at Hillsdale and earlier this year that the country must choose now between Reagan and Roosevelt.  That Reagan himself did not have to choose was because of demography.  Unfortunately, now we must.

When I was writing my book on the Great Depression, I kept thinking back to William Graham Sumner, who originated the idea of “the forgotten man”.  Sumner was a Victorian who died in 1910.  But I continued to hear him in the background as I studied Roosevelt and Ickes, and what Sumner said continued to apply—both to the 1930s and to our current political life. He spoke prophetically about the voter who was not included in preferred interest groups—the man or woman who everyone fails to think about. He spoke of the forgotten voter for whom there is “no provision in the great scramble” for federal largesse.  Our elections are not good elections until they welcome back that voter, too.

American Government Due 2/6

American Government Week 20

Basic American Government

Pgs. 387-396

The Complete Idiot’s Guide

Ch. 21

Ch. 4

Bible Reading

Revelation 5:9-10

Current Event

 

Basic American Government

  1. According to Carson, what are the three duties of officers and legislators?

 

  1. Describe the emergency, as recounted by Carson, of the 1930’s Depression and banking crisis. What power did newly elected President Franklin D Roosevelt say he would ask Congress for to deal with the emergency of the Depression

 

 

  1. According to Carson, which president overwhelmed Congress with his acts and proposals more than any other?

 

  1. What Act placed Virtual dictatorial powers in the hands of the President over banking and financial matters, and authorized the exercise of powers not contemplated in the Constitution

 

 

  1. What was so bad about the Emergency Banking Act from a constitutional perspective?

 

  

  1. What was the Civilian Conservation Corps?

 

 

  1. What was the general result of all the acts passed in the period known as “The Hundred Days”?

 

 

The Complete Idiot’s Guide

Chapter 21

  1. Economic policy can be divided into three different areas.  What are these?

 

 

  1. What does each of these policies deal with?

 

  1. What is the goal of economic policy?

    

  1. What is the “job” of the Federal Reserve Bank?

 

  1. What is the purpose of “the United Nations”?

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

Chapter 4

  1. Why did Alexis de Tocqueville believe the government succeeded so well in the United States

 

  1. What 5 elements does the book state that Americans share in their political culture?

 

 

 

  1. What are some of the other general shared cultural beliefs in the United States?

 

 

  1. What is “the American Dream”?

American Government Due 1/30

American Government Week 19

Basic American Government

  1. 364-385
  2. 549-550 (Amendments 16-19)

Reread Ecclesiastes 12:13-14

Current Event

 

 

Basic American Government

Pgs. 364-372

  1. According to Carson, what government practices has socialism driven?

 

  1. Carson mentions that the 19th century was the greatest period of the production of “utopian” novels. One such book was about a socialist economic state that eliminated all competition and private enterprise.  This produced an ideal society where people are happy, healthy, and well educated.  There was also no crime, poverty, or war.  Do you think government enforced economic equality will eliminate poverty, crime, and war?

 

 

 

  1. In socialism, the government is the Great Provider. What difference does this insight make?  Why should you care?

 

 

  1. Why did the Communitarian movement not succeed?

 

 

  1. Carson says the “anarchists take it as a major premise that man is by nature good, and that he has been corrupted by government”. What do you think of the idea?  Do you agree? (Be specific)

 

 

 

  1. What is revolutionary socialism?

 

 

Pg. 372-377

When Carson says “No Democrat has been elected to the presidency in the 20th century he means no Jeffersonian Democrat.  (One who held to strict construction of the Constitution)

  1. According to Carson, why was “progressivism” not called socialism?

 

  1. According to Carson, what was a major innovation of progressives introduced by Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson?

 

 

  1. What had happened prior to this time?

 

10.  Summarize what Theodore Roosevelt did as President to exercise the powers that he believed were his as President.

 

11.  Carson suggests Roosevelt’s attitude toward his role in government was much more expansive than other presidents before him.                          What was the general attitude prior to Roosevelt?

 

12.  What was the general attitude after?

 

 

Pgs. 378-385

  1. According to Carson, what 2 amendments to the Constitution enacted in 1913, changed the power exercised by the Federal Government?

 

14.  What does the 16th Amendment empower?

 

15.  What are the relative advantages and disadvantages of a graduated income tax?

 

 

16.  What does the 17th Amendment enact?

 

17.  To whom, then, are Senators now responsible?

 

18.  According to Carson, 2 additional amendments further strengthened the power of the Federal Government. What does the 18th                          Amendment enact?

 

 

19.  What does the 19th Amendment enact?